The art of light becomes Moholy-Nagy in Hungary, his native
Budapest, June 12 (EFE) .- The "art of light" one of the most important painters and photographers of modernism, László Moholy-Nagy, returns to Hungary, his birthplace, in a show opened at the Museum Ludwig Budapest.
The exhibition "The Art of Light," that opened this week and runs until September 25, contains over 200 photographs, frames, paintings, films and artist's designs Hungary.
Moholy-Nagy (Hungary, 1895 - United States, 1946) was an artist "committed to the life and art," whose shape is important claim, told Efe Oliva María Rubio, exhibition curator and director of exhibitions at the Cultural Center "The Factory" in Madrid.
Rubio has sought to highlight in the sample use Moholy-Nagy made of light, the essential foundation of his aesthetic theory.
For Moholy-Nagy "art is the art of light," said Rubio.
The photographs, stills and film since the 1920's accounted for the artist an opportunity to express in a concrete form his theory of light.
Thus, Moholy-Nagy, who moved to Berlin in 1920, rediscovered the frame, a photographic image made without a camera by placing objects on photosensitive paper, leaving traces in the form of light and shadow on this surface.
The Commissioner recalled that Moholy-Nagy in his 1925 book "Painting, photography, cinema" was ahead of his time, saying that "the illiterate of the future will not know about photography."
In one of the walls of the museum struck by a projection of the images produced by the so-called "light-space modulator", an invention that Moholy-Nagy developed after 8 years of work and presented in Paris in 1930.
This modulator is a device consisting of movable metal and glass in different shapes, and lamps that produce light and shadow effects.
Moholy-Nagy photographing and filming these effects and the Ludwig Museum presents one of these films created by light and the repetitive motion of the geometric elements of the device.
This game with light reflected in other artist's works, as paintings on glass, such as his "rotating rod" (1946), which protrude from the plane of the wall and whose appearance changes depending on the angle from which it covers.
Moholy-Nagy experimented with not only new ways and techniques in the art, but also wanted the "whole new ideal of man ', which aimed at finding through education, which he spent all his life, he said Rubio.
He taught from the famous German Bauhaus, invited by its founder, Walter Gropius in 1923, and after leaving Europe for the advance of Nazism, founded in 1939 in Chicago Institute of Design, where he taught until his death.
His photographs are played with strange perspectives, with chopped from the height, which is difficult to recognize the object.
An example is the famous image "From the Radio Tower," in which geometric shapes that are observed appear to be parts of a park: a road, trees and sections of a building.
The artist's daughter, Hattula Moholy-Nagy, who was present at the opening of the exhibition on Tuesday, said his father, despite having lived in many countries around the world, "his heart was always in Hungarian", although his work "I did not know borders."
The works exhibited in this show come from over 20 museums around the world, including the Tate Modern, the UK, the Whitney Museum, the United States, or the Metropolitan Tokyo, Japan, as well as private collections.