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Tourism in Hungary

Budapest, August 22, 2011 (EFE) .- The "Puszta", the great Hungarian plain in almost endless landscapes, has become a growing attraction for many tourists seeking the essence of the country, as he sang the romantic poet Sándor Pet?fi: "It is in the vast plain like the sea, where my home is."

Riders dressed in traditional costumes, carts the "szürkemerha" (a breed of cattle native) and a landscape without elevations lost in the horizon, the images are more typical of the region.

The Hortobágy, the central part of the great plain, preserved until today to tourists all the romance of country life from previous centuries, with their pastors, clothing, buildings and native animals.

This is a national park that is part of UNESCO World Heritage Cultural Landscape since 1999, with its central town of the same name, Hortobágy, visited by tourists seeking tranquility and closeness to nature.

The Hortobágy, about 82,000 hectares, is the largest protected area of Hungary and its folklore and nature attracts about 130,000 tourists a year, mostly Hungarians, Germans, Japanese, French, English, among many others, told Efe Ágnes Kemecsei, responsible tourism national park.

For Hungarians the most important symbol of the region is called "Bridge of nine holes," built in the nineteenth century, in the same town of Hortobágy, while foreigners are attracted by the typical blue and black traditional dress and by movements practiced acrobatic riders with their horses.

Leaving the town you can see closely the typical huts constructed of tile and szürkemarha herds, with their large antlers open, tended by shepherds, called in Hungarian "gulyás," whence the name of the most famous dish Magyar a delicious beef stew seasoned generously with paprika.

One of the most characteristic elements of traditional landscape are a cigoñal wells, using the leverage to extract water from about 7 to 9 feet deep, and also serve as indicators of directions to the shepherds.

Beyond the folklore, ecotourism also offers shows, and started the national park since 1973 special programs "to revive the area with animals that lived on these plains and have already gone," said Kemecsei.

Bison, horses and wild asses, eagles and other species that were part of the fauna of the plateau reappeared in the region and hopefully can be covered by their natural environment.

"You no longer need the presence of man to survive," he said Kemecsei and stressed the importance of these programs from the standpoint of conservation of the genetic background.

Moreover Kemecsei noted that 12 copies of vultures who also lived in the place before its extinction, Hortobágy reached Spain, within a partnership between the government of Hungary, Hortobágy National Park and Spanish Greenpeace Rehabilitation Group Native Wildlife and their Habitats (GREF).

Northwest of Hortobágy, the artificial lakes "became one of the most important European habitats of waterfowl, recognized internationally," noted Efe specialist environmental protection, László Bessenyei.

These lakes, which can also be visited by tourists, offering a spectacular view of the birds that gather there to follow his path in the right direction with the seasons.

By Marcelo Nagy

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